Faculty and staff directory

Francis L. Macrina, Ph.D.

Francis L. Macrina, Ph.D.

Vice president for research
Edward Myers Professor of oral and craniofacial molecular biology and microbiology and immunology

Philips Institute for Oral Health Research
Virginia BioTechnology Research Park - BioTech One
800 E. Leigh Street
Box 980568
Richmond, Virginia 23219
Phone: (804) 827-2262
Fax: (804) 828-2051
Email: macrina@vcu.edu


  • Ph.D. in Microbiology, Syracuse University, 1972
  • B.S., Cornell University, 1968

Research interests

  • Molecular pathogenesis of infectious diseases including caries, periodontal disease and endocarditis
  • Microbial genomics
  • Research ethics


Ripley, E. and F.L. Macrina 2009. Ethics in Oral Health Research. In: Principles in Clinical Oral Health Research. William Giannobile, Brian Burt, and Robert Genco, Editors. Blackwell Publishing, NY In press.
Ripley, E., F.L. Macrina, M. Markowitz, and L. Byrd. (2008). To pay or not to pay: How do we determine participant payment for a clinical study. J. Clinical Research Best Practices 4 (3). http://firstclinical.com/journal/2008/0803_Payments.pdf [PDF]
Xu P, Alves JM, Kitten T, Brown A, Chen Z, Ozaki LS, Manque P, Ge X, Serrano MG, Puiu D, Hendricks S, Wang Y, Chaplin MD, Akan D, Paik S, Peterson DL, Macrina FL, Buck GA. Genome of the opportunistic pathogen Streptococcus sanguinis. (2007). J Bacteriol. 189: 3166-3175.
Funk, C, Barrett, K, and Macrina FL. (2007). Authorship and Publication Practices: Evaluation of the Effect of Responsible Conduct of Research Instruction to Postdoctoral Trainees. Accountability in Research 14:269-305.
Macrina, FL (2007). Scientific Societies and Promotion of the Responsible Conduct of Research: Codes, Policies, and Education. Academic Medicine 82: 865-869.
Ripley, EBD, Macrina, FL, and Markowitz, M. (2006). Paying Clinical Research Participants: One Institution’s Research Ethics Committees’ Perspective. J. Empirical research on Human Research Ethics 1: 37-44.
Macrina F.L. 2005. Scientific Integrity: Text and Cases in Responsible Conduct of Research (Third Edition). American Society for Microbiology Press, Washington, D.C. 402 pp.
Barrett K.A., Funk C.L., and Macrina F.L. 2005. Awareness of Publication Guidelines and the Responsible Conduct of Research. Accountability in Research 12: 103-206.